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  • Posted By: sue59
  • Date Posted: 06/22/2011
  • Category: Psychology
  • Words: 559
  • Pages: 3
  • Views: 937
  • Rank: 763

Case Of Joan/John

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Case Of Joan/John

In the United States, a transsexual may legally undergo a sex change. But with a sex reassignment, a transsexual may also go through social, physiological and hormonal changes. For example, they must live openly as a member of the preferred sex in public and have a surgical operation in order to have the preferred sexual organs. In the male-to-female operation the testicles and penis are detached and a vagina is constructed by using the skin of the penis. Breast implants are inserted and the voice pitch is elevated (Frude, 1998). In female-to-male surgery the breasts, ovaries and uterus are removed and a penis is constructed by using plastic surgery (Frude, 1998). This surgery is slightly more difficult than the male-to-female one. In some cases, however, a sex reassignment is forced in some infants when their penis is accidently burned off during circumcision. This was the case for John. Encouraged by John Money, John was made into Joan, having his testicles removed to facilitate feminization (Benokraitis, 2008). Everything, however, went downhill. Joan refused to be dressed in girls’ clothing. She even looked and talked like a boy. At the age of 14 stopped living like a girl: she urinated while standing up and decided that she would either commit suicide or live as a male (Benokraitis, 2008). When her father told him the truth, John decided to have a mastecomy and underwent several operations to reconstruct a penis (Benokraitis, 2008). This unsuccessful sex reassignment experiment of John Money’s has given other scientists evidence that gender identity and sexual orientation are largely innate thus being that nature is stronger than nurture in molding a person’s sexual identity.
Current Status

Currently there are ethical issues of early surgical sex reassignment as well as many doubts regarding the extent to which it is successful. ...

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